Construction workforce too small to meet annual 300,000 new homes target

No Government can come close to targets of 300,000 new homes a year without a huge boost to the labour force or a dramatic change in the way we build houses, according to a new report by Make UK Modular.

Related topics:  Construction,  Property,  Targets,  Government,  New Build
Property | Reporter
27th March 2023
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"Collectively, the whole construction industry faces an impossible goal of needing to recruit over 950,000 workers by 2030 to meet all of these demands from government"

Despite repeated claims that 'cumbersome' planning regulations and a lack of money coming to the sector are often cited as the root cause for low supply, the short supply of workers in the sector is doing more damage to the government's housebuilding targets.

According to the research, the traditional housebuilding sector needs to recruit 137,000 more workers just to hit the new homes 300,000 target by 2030 – this means 17,000 new recruits every year, triple the present rate. The current training system saw just 11,000 construction apprenticeships completed last year.

But that isn’t the end of the shortage story. Some 360,000 construction workers due to retire by 2030 must be replaced along with a further 24,000 to complete essential government initiatives like remediating unsafe cladding on high-rise buildings across the country.

The wider construction industry’s labour force also needs to find a way to retrofit homes to meet the government’s net zero targets, which will require 220,000 new workers by 2030. This labour shortage equated to a loss of around £2.6bn of output in construction in 2022 and £263m of lost housebuilding output.

Collectively, the whole construction industry faces an impossible goal of needing to recruit over 950,000 workers by 2030 to meet all of these demands from government.

Modular homes

According to Make UK Modular, factory-made houses target a different pool of workers with the skills to work in precision manufacturing. The skills needed are easy to learn on the job with in-house training, and efficient assembly line processes mean modular house builders use 50% fewer workers to construct the same number of homes. This builds additionality in supply and modular is also 40% more productive than traditional housebuilding.

To scale up – modular needs the government to:

1. Remove the accidental double government levy charge on modular manufacturers by exempting them from the scope of the CITB levy.

2. Build supply chain capacity by repurposing the £10m allocated for the MMC Taskforce and use it to support a match-funded supply chain transformation programme based on those government has successfully delivered in aerospace, offshore wind, and nuclear.

3. Solve the housing crisis faster by dedicating 40% of the affordable housing programme to modern methods of construction.

Steve Cole, Director Make UK Modular, said: “To address the issue of labour shortages which is now at a critical point, Government must help modular to grow at speed and take advantage of the fact modular can build homes quickly but also homes which are efficient to heat and run.

“The changes we are asking for on the levy, reallocating the money for the MMC Taskforce and dedicating a substantial chunk of the affordable homes programme to modular would not cost any extra money. But they would help drive way faster growth in the sector and mean modular factories could operate at maximum productivity to deliver the homes Britain so desperately needs.”

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